insulin is given as injection. There are different types of insulins. Short acting with short duration of action. Intermediate and long acting insulins also are there. Depending on need different insulin are selected. Insulin is injected under the skin normally. Trials are going on for oral insulins and even islet cell transplantation.As treatment tablets alone, insulin alone, or insulin and tablets combined are the different ways.The idea is to bring blood sugar to near normal.
- Type I Diabetics
- During serious illnesses
- Preparatory to, during and after surgery
- When tablets fail
You may require insulin units as much, more, or less of your body weight number in kilos daily. Calculate the daily need. Of this 2/3 before breakfast 1/3 before dinner. That is a rough idea. In glucose self-monitoring the dose can be adjusted as advised by your doctor. You need the help of a Glucometer.
How to take insulin
Young Type II diabetics may start with insulin for 1 or 2 months. Then afterwards switch over to tablets. Insulin syringes are available in 2 forms,
- U-100 syringe 1 ml contains 100 units
- U- 40 syringe 1 ml contains 40 units